Pranayama (Breathing Exercise)
Bhastrika Pranayama is a combination of Kapalbhati and Ujjayi, which is the best breathing exercise. By focusing on your breathing and gradually increasing the intensity of inhaling and exhaling helps to relieve migraine or headache. Pranayama improves the flow of blood, ensuring more oxygen to the body and helps the brain to function calmly.
Padmasana (Lotus Pose)
This asana or posture helps in relaxing the brain and muscle. This is one of the intermediate poses, hence performing it becomes easier. Performing this exercise not only helps to relieve migraine, but also helps in stretching the spine, knee, and ankle.
Hasta Uttanasana (Hand raising pose)
This is another basic and easy pose to perform. Performing Hasta Uttanasana stretches the spine and shoulder muscle, which improves blood circulation releasing stress, also activating the parasympathetic nervous system. Apart from reducing stress Hasta Uttanasana helps to reduce anxiety, depression, and fatigue.
Paschimottanasana (Seated forward pose)
Paschimottanasana help to ease migraine and headache as the posture relaxes the entire muscles of the body. This posture stretches the spinal cord creates space between vertebrates to increase the blood circulation to all nerves. Another major benefit of this posture is that it helps the mind to relax by sufficient blood flow to cerebrum.
Cardio and aerobic exercise helps in brain development and maintaining cognitive function. During situations like migraine, doing cardio increases the heart and respiratory rate, thus improving oxygen flow throughout the body. Increase in blood flow to the brain activates the brainstem to lower the chances of migraine or headache.
Stretching exercises increase the flexibility of the body, which boosts the transfusion of blood cells to vital parts of the brain like cortex, lobes, glands, cranial nerves, etc. During migraines, the nerve signals get affected, disrupting the flow of blood from the heart to the brain. Stretching helps loosen the muscles and may reverse the hardening of the arteries, which directly increases the transmission of blood cells.